Relationship between Instruction Cultures and Students’ Retention in Chartered Christian Universities in Kenya

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Abstract for Research Paper Current Issues in Education Management and Planning


The role of this study was to establish the relationship between instruction cultures and student retention in
Chartered Christian Universities in Kenya. The study was based on Students’ Integration Theory by Tinto (1993)
and Cultural Model of Educational Management by Bush (2011). Descriptive survey research design was
adopted. The targeted population was 604 year four students, 12 Academic Deans, 5 chaplains, 5 Finance
Managers, and 5 Deans of students in the Chartered Christian Universities. Census method was used to sample
the respondents. Interviews and questionnaires were employed in collecting data. The questionnaire was
piloted and then tested for reliability using test-retest method and was validated by experts. Qualitative data
was analysed and presented. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics. SPSS version 22 was
applied in data analysis. Pearson Product Moment Correlations Co-Efficient and regression analysis were
computed to establish relationships between the two variables. Embedded Design for mixed methods was used
to integrate and present quantitative and qualitative data outcomes. It was found out that religious cultures
were related to student retention (r=0.482; p=0.000) and therefore, the null hypothesis was rejected while the
alternate hypotheses adopted. The study recommends that chartered Christian universities in Kenya should
take advantage of their religious cultures and should find policies to strengthen the existing cultures as they
develop new ones. Additionally, the Ministry of Education should develop policies that could facilitate student
retention and review the existing policies on students’ retention in institutions of higher learning. Moreover,
further research should be conducted.
Key Terms: Student retention, chartered Christian universities, religious cultures, instruction cultures, discipline
cultures, study cost management cultures.

Primary authors

Mr John Kiptanui Kitur Prof. Fredrick Ngala (Kabarak University) Betty Tikoko (Kabarak University)

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