Relationship between Religious Cultures and Student Retention in Chartered Christian Universities in Kenya

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Abstract for Research Paper Current Issues in Education Management and Planning


The role of this study was to explain the relationship between religious cultures and student retention in Chartered
Christian Universities in Kenya. The study was based on Students’ Integration Theory by Tinto [1] and Cultural Model of
Educational Management by Bush [2]. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The targeted population was 604
year four students, 12 Academic Deans, 5 chaplains, 5 Finance Managers, and 5 Deans of students in Chartered Christian
Universities. Census method was used to sample the respondents. Questionnaires which were piloted and tested for
reliability using test-retest method and validated by experts were used together with interviews to collect data. Qualitative
data was later analysed and presented. Quantitative data was analysed using descriptive statistics. SPSS version 22 was
employed for data analysis. Pearson Product Moment Correlations Co-efficient and regression analysis were computed to
establish relationships between the two variables. Embedded Design for mixed methods was used to integrate and present
the findings. It was established that religious cultures were related to student retention (r=0.437; p=0.000) and thus, the
null hypothesis was rejected, and the alternate hypotheses adopted. The study recommends that chartered Christian
universities in Kenya should take advantage of their religious cultures and find policies that strengthen the existing
cultures as tahey develop new ones. It also recommends that the Ministry of Education should develop policies that could
facilitate student retention and review the existing policies on students’ retention in institutions of higher learning in
Kenya and beyond. Moreover, further research should be carried out.
Keywords: Student retention, Chartered Christian universities, religious cultures, instruction cultures, discipline cultures,
study cost management cultures.

Primary authors

jon kitur Fredrick Ngala (Kabarak University) Betty Tikoko (Kabarak University)

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